According to Ayurveda, baldness is known as “Khalitya.” It is a condition characterized by excessive hair loss, leading to partial or complete hair thinning or bald patches on the scalp. Ayurveda views baldness as a multifactorial issue influenced by various factors, including imbalances in the doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha), improper diet, stress, lifestyle choices, and genetic predisposition.
Ayurveda attributes the occurrence of baldness to the vitiation of Pitta and Vata doshas. Pitta dosha is responsible for governing the metabolic processes in the body, including hair growth, while Vata dosha controls the movement and nourishment of the hair follicles. When these doshas become imbalanced, it disrupts the natural hair growth cycle, leading to hair loss.
Ayurvedic texts suggest that several factors contribute to the vitiation of Pitta and Vata doshas, leading to baldness. These factors include excessive consumption of spicy, oily, and acidic foods, excessive heat exposure, stress, anxiety, improper hair care practices, and hormonal imbalances. Additionally, Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of considering individual body constitution (Prakriti) and identifying the underlying causes specific to each person’s unique imbalances.
Ayurvedic slokas (verses) related to baldness provide insights into its causes and treatment approaches. Here are a few slokas related to baldness:
According to Charaka Samhita:
“Tasya Hetu Dhatu Kshaya Kshudra Twacha Rooksha Vaataprakopa Vata Ati Krodhaha||”
Translation: Baldness caused by an imbalance of Vata and Pitta doshas is due to the depletion of tissues, dry and rough skin, and aggravated Vata. This condition is often associated with excessive anger.
According to Sushruta Samhita:
“Pittasya Prakupita Vata Paka Vatika Khalitya||”
Translation: Baldness caused by the aggravated Pitta dosha and Vata dosha is known as Vataja Khalitya.
According to Ashtanga Hridaya:
“Vatapittaja Khalityam Tasya Nidanaani Dhatu Kshaya Rooksha Vaataha Krodha Udvega Ati||”
Translation: The causes of baldness due to Vata and Pitta dosha imbalance are depletion of tissues, dryness, excessive Vata, anger, and anxiety.
Causes for Baldness
The commonest causes of male Baldness:
- Hormonal changes and medical conditions like, pregnancy, Thyroid disorder, etc.
- High drugs used for cancer, arthritis, or depression can cause baldness.
- Radiation or chemotherapy
- Stress and Depression
- Nutritional Deficiency
Sign and Symptoms
It can appear in different forms depending on the different causes of baldness. This can lead to sudden or gradual hair loss and can affect your scalp. It can be permanent or temporary. Major signs and symptoms include:
- Hair thinning
- Weakening of hairs on the top of the head
- Sudden or complete hair loss
- Round or patchy spots
- Scaly patches over the scalp
How to diagnose Baldness?
In Ayurveda, diagnosing baldness involves a comprehensive assessment of various factors to determine the underlying causes and imbalances contributing to hair loss. The diagnostic process may include the following:
- Pulse Diagnosis (Nadi Pariksha): Ayurvedic practitioners evaluate the pulse to assess the balance of doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) and detect any imbalances that may be influencing hair health.
- Observation and Examination: The practitioner observes the scalp, hair texture, and overall condition to identify signs of hair loss, thinning, or bald patches. They may also examine the hair follicles and scalp for signs of inflammation, dryness, or any other abnormalities.
- Medical History and Lifestyle Assessment: The practitioner will inquire about your medical history, including any past illnesses, medications, or treatments that may have contributed to hair loss. They will also assess your lifestyle factors, such as diet, exercise routine, sleep patterns, stress levels, and hair care practices.
- Dosha Assessment: By understanding your unique body constitution (Prakriti) and current dosha imbalances, the practitioner can determine how imbalances in Vata, Pitta, or Kapha doshas may be influencing hair health.
- Discussion of Symptoms: You will be asked about specific symptoms related to hair loss, such as the rate of hair fall, any associated scalp conditions (itching, redness, dandruff), and the pattern of hair loss (localized or diffuse).
- Scalp Examination: The practitioner may examine the scalp using a magnifying tool to assess the condition of the hair follicles, the presence of miniaturized or inactive hair follicles, and the overall health of the scalp.
Baldness Treatment in Ayurveda
Ayurvedic treatments for baldness focus on rebalancing the doshas, nourishing the hair follicles, promoting hair growth, and improving overall scalp health. These treatments may include a combination of herbal remedies, dietary modifications, lifestyle adjustments, stress management techniques, scalp massages, and detoxification therapies.
Line of Treatment
- Krimighna Chikitsa
- Asthimjja Pachak Chikitsa
- Lekhan Karma with Parijat Patra or Needle
- Nasya Karma with Anu Tailam or Neeli Tailam
- Shiropichu Karma with Chandanadi Tailam
- Shirobasti Karma
- Raktamokshan Karma with Jalauka
- Rasayana Chikitsa
- Amalaki Churnam
- Bhrigraja Churnam
- Triphala Churnam
- Hair Grow Tablet
- Narsimha Rasayan
- Tiktakam Kashayam
- Amalaki Rasayan Tablets
Here are some herbs commonly recommended for hair fall based on Ayurvedic principles:
- Bhringraj (Eclipta alba): Known as the “King of Hair,” it is believed to nourish the scalp, strengthen hair follicles, and promote hair growth.
- Amla (Emblica officinalis): Rich in vitamin C, it helps strengthen hair follicles, prevent premature graying, and enhance overall hair health.
- Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri): Not only beneficial for the brain, but Brahmi also improves blood circulation to the scalp, promoting hair growth and reducing hair fall.
- Neem (Azadirachta indica): With its antimicrobial properties, neem helps maintain a healthy scalp by fighting dandruff and other scalp infections that can lead to hair fall.
- Methi (Fenugreek): Fenugreek seeds are known to contain proteins and nicotinic acid, which strengthen hair follicles and promote hair growth while reducing hair fall.
- Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis): Often used in hair oils and masks, hibiscus nourishes the hair, prevents hair fall, and adds luster to the strands.
- Shikakai (Acacia concinna): Traditionally used as a natural cleanser for the hair, shikakai helps maintain a healthy scalp, strengthen hair roots, and reduce hair fall.
- Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi): Known for its calming properties, Jatamansi helps reduce stress, which can be a contributing factor to hair fall.
- Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): An adaptogenic herb, ashwagandha helps balance hormonal levels, reducing hair fall caused by hormonal imbalances.
These herbs are commonly used in Ayurvedic formulations for promoting hair growth, strengthening hair follicles, and preventing further hair loss.
It is important to consult with an experienced Ayurvedic practitioner who can assess your individual condition, determine the underlying causes, and provide personalized treatment recommendations. Ayurvedic approaches to baldness focus on addressing the root cause of the issue while promoting overall well-being and vitality.
- Can Ayurveda cure baldness completely?
Ayurveda offers a holistic approach to treating baldness by addressing the underlying imbalances causing hair loss. While Ayurvedic treatments can promote hair growth and prevent further hair loss, complete restoration of hair may vary from person to person. Factors such as the severity of baldness, individual response to treatment, adherence to lifestyle changes, and consistency in following the treatment plan can influence the outcome.
- Are Ayurvedic treatments safe for everyone?
Ayurvedic treatments are generally considered safe when administered by trained and experienced practitioners. However, it is important to consult an Ayurvedic practitioner before starting any treatment, especially if you have specific health conditions or are taking medications. They will assess your individual needs, consider any contraindications, and provide personalized recommendations to ensure safety and effectiveness.
- How long does it take to see results from Ayurvedic hair treatments?
The time taken to see results from Ayurvedic hair treatments can vary depending on factors such as the underlying cause of hair loss, individual body constitution, and consistency in following the treatment plan. Generally, it may take a few weeks to a few months to notice improvements in hair growth and reduction in hair loss. Patience and consistency in treatment are key to achieving optimal results.
- Can Ayurvedic oils cause any side effects?
Ayurvedic oils, when used as directed and from reputable sources, are generally safe and well-tolerated. However, some individuals may be sensitive or allergic to certain ingredients. It is advisable to perform a patch test before applying any new oil to the scalp and discontinue use if any adverse reactions occur. Additionally, it is recommended to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner to ensure the appropriate selection and usage of oils based on your specific condition.
- Is it necessary to follow a specific diet while undergoing Ayurvedic treatment for baldness?
Diet plays an essential role in Ayurvedic treatment for hair loss. An Ayurvedic practitioner may provide specific dietary recommendations based on your dosha imbalances and overall health. A balanced diet that includes fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and adequate hydration is generally beneficial for hair health. Additionally, avoiding processed foods, excessive spicy or oily foods, and maintaining a regular eating schedule can support the effectiveness of Ayurvedic treatments for baldness.